About the Region
The Melanesian sub region is recognized as richly endowed in natural resources and cultural diversity and has the largest total land mass amongst the Pacific Island countries. It comprises the Republic of Fiji, The Independent State of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, The Republic of Vanuatu and Front de Liberation Nationale Kanaket Socialiste (referred to as FLNKS”) of New Caledonia.
Climate change is happening now, with new weather patterns and sea level rise already being experienced. As these changes continue, the effects are expected to worsen and across the region we will experience higher temperatures, increased storm activity, more frequent flooding or droughts, along with changing fire regimes and threats to food security from the impacts on coral reef ecosystems and agricultural practices and crop yields. The risk of vector borne diseases is increasing in hitherto protected montane communities. Climate change impacts add to the pressures being experienced by already stressed communities, with implications for the region in terms of both voluntary and forced displacements and migrations.
The world community shares a common responsibility to act with great speed and decisiveness in tackling the root causes of these changes- greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuel and deforestation and forest degradation - along the with imperative to identify climate-related hazards and risks and ensure the necessary adaptation options are integrated into policy and decision making in all sectors and levels of governance. The onus is on government and the community in Melanesia to take action, for its own sake, its Pacific brothers and sisters and the world community at large.
To maintain our natural assets and improve the competitive advantage of Melanesian countries, it is important to attract businesses and activities to the region that can help build low emission, renewable energy capabilities, design and construct resilient infrastructureand human settlements, and enhance our knowledge capital to ensure we protect our environment such as the sea and landscapes and their rich biodiversity and ecosystems that sustain life and thus society’s well-being now and into the future...